advertisement
advertisement
Projects
The Roads of North America, Part One
The Roads of North America, Part One
By: Astrid Hiemer
Restaurants
New Orleans Reports: Cafe du Monde in the French Quarter
By: Charles Giuliano
Site Search
Ads by BFA
advertisement
advertisement
Share

Eagle Columnist John Seven Boycotts Artistic Creeps

Separating Individuals from their Accomplishments

By: Charles Giuliano - 02/19/2014

Click to Enlarge
 Berkshire Eagle columnist John Seven smears Woody Allen and other "artistic creeps."
Berkshire Eagle columnist John Seven smears Woody Allen and other "artistic creeps."
Woody directing Cate Blanchett and Alec Baldwin on the set of Blue Jasmine.
Woody directing Cate Blanchett and Alec Baldwin on the set of Blue Jasmine.
The scandal over sex with an intern nullified the presidency of Bill Clinton.
The scandal over sex with an intern nullified the presidency of Bill Clinton.
A rendering of the Vienna Opera House reveals that the young Adolph Hitler was a mediocre artist.
A rendering of the Vienna Opera House reveals that the young Adolph Hitler was a mediocre artist.
Leni Riefenstahl on location making Nazi propaganda films.
Leni Riefenstahl on location making Nazi propaganda films.
Was Riefenstahl a great artist or a war criminal?
Was Riefenstahl a great artist or a war criminal?
The artist Degas had a dark side but was hardly a "Creep."
The artist Degas had a dark side but was hardly a "Creep."
While big band leader Stan Kenton makes Seven’s "Creep List" we knew him as a perfect gentleman.
While big band leader Stan Kenton makes Seven’s "Creep List" we knew him as a perfect gentleman.
Ok, maybe Hemingway was a "Creep" but that’s no reason to boycott his books.
Ok, maybe Hemingway was a "Creep" but that’s no reason to boycott his books.

There is a misguided assumption that individuals who have accomplished much in the arts, politics, sports, industry and science also conform to the highest standards in their private lives. Because of their celebrated accomplishments they are somehow better than us.

Scholars, critics and informed individuals who take the time to dig deeply know that this is rarely the case. On the high end there are well researched, objective biographies. At the other end of the spectrum are tell all books that reveal the “truth” about those we admire. The Yellow Journalism invented by publisher Williams Randolph Hearst and his tabloids proliferates today in the racks next to the checkout line at the supermarkets. How many of us flip through one before paying for groceries?

Millions of Americans thrive on gossip about the rich and famous. No sooner has a celebrity been caught in an affair, had a blow out at a restaurant, put on weight, overdosed, or been caught in a lie than they are splashed all over the tabloids or TV “entertainment” shows.

There is an enormous gossip industry which feeds an American passion to dish the dirt. Knocking the famous off their pedestals, from Bill Clinton to Phillip Seymour Hoffman and Mother Teresa, makes a lot of ordinary folks feel better about themselves.

In our skewed equation of public morality the Presidency of Bill Clinton, for example, was nullified by lying to us about allegedly getting a BJ from an eager intern.

So what?

During WWII such notables as Ambassador Joseph Kennedy, aviator and national hero Charles Lindbergh, poet Ezra Pound, England’s Lord Oswald Mosley, and the Duke of Windsor were known Nazi sympathizers.

When John Kennedy ran for President he and Robert kept the old man out of sight. Even though the scion paid the bills and pulled strings.

It’s the norm to have muck raked in the popular press but a bit of a shock when smeared by a Berkshire Eagle columnist, John Seven, until recently a columnist and arts editor for the defunct North Adams Transcript.

Acting as judge and jury he urges readers to follow his example by boycotting works of art. The headline of his column leading the B section of the Tuesday, February 18 issue of the Eagle reads “Please, don’t reward the artistic creeps.”

He begins by stating “The idea that you must separate the art from the artist has come up a lot lately. The reasoning is that if you judge creative work from the personal behavior of writers, musicians, actors, directors, painters or whatever, there’s not a lot of art or entertainment to enjoy. You must separate them we are told.”

Then Seven urges readers to avoid critics, historians and philosophers by going with your gut instincts. “If anyone spouts absolutes about this to you ignore them.”

While Seven appears to be more of a generalist than scholar or critic, in that first graph, he is referencing formalism.

Formalism is the study of art by analyzing and comparing form and style—the way objects are made and their purely visual aspects. In painting formalism emphasizes compositional elements such as color, line, shape and texture rather than iconography or the historical and social context. At its extreme, formalism in art history posits that everything necessary to comprehending a work of art is contained within the work itself. The context for the work, including the reason for its creation, the historical background, and the life of the artist, is considered to be of secondary importance.

While formalism prevailed during the Post WWII era through the 1960s it has given ground to other approaches and theories. Its essential tenet, however, is worth holding onto. That we evaluate works of art and the accomplishments of individuals in other disciplines, as separate, whenever possible, from the personal life of the creator.

A pot boiler artist biography like “Lust for Life” by Irving Stone made the work of Vincent van Gogh accessible and beloved by the masses. It became impossible to look at his paintings without conflating them with the ersatz psychology of the madness that is alleged to have informed them. Which came first the artistic genius or his mental condition? If one connects the dots then asylums are filled with artists. Or every great artist must be in some way deranged.

How then to approach great artists who were quite sane and led rather mundane private lives? Where is the sizzle for curators to promote a survey of work by the Post Impressionist Paul Cezanne? For an artist like Cezanne formalism is the best and perhaps only approach. Delving into the artist’s mundane, provincial, domestic life isn’t very useful in decoding his complex and revolutionary work.

In his column Seven focuses on several “Creeps”- filmmakers Roman Polanski and Leni Riefenstahl, jazz big band leader, Stan Kenton, artist Edgar Degas, and author Ernest Hemingway. Then he saves his best for Woody Allen.

We could think of better examples like the failed artist Adolph Hitler a truly world class “Creep.” But that didn’t prevent curator Deborah Rothschild from organizing the superb and insightful 2002 exhibition Prelude to a Nightmare: Art Politics, and Hitler’s Early Years in Vienna 1906- 1913 for the Williams College Museum of Art.

She managed to include a few examples of Hitler's early architectural renderings. They were not great works of art but not as bad as we would have liked them to be. Viewing these works was fascinating and also placed into context the zeitgeist of Vienna. The curator explored how it fed into the world wide catastrophe and holocaust that Hitler mapped out in “Mein Kampf.” While written by a “Creep” it is essential reading for an understanding of William L. Shirer’s classic study “The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.”

Nothing is gained by boycotting the works of “Creeps” and avoiding looking at the source material of difficult and complex issues.

It’s true that Roman Polanski is a fugitive from charges of statutory rape. That is a compelling indicator of guilt. But in America one is presumed innocent until found guilty. Rightly or wrongly he has been granted asylum with a standing warrant for his arrest.

But Seven suggests that based on presumed guilt we boycott his masterful films starting with the early “Knife in the Water” to “Tess” and the Academy Award winning “The Piano Player.” The Academy was able to evaluate the work as separate from the man.

Many in the audience failed to applaud when Elia Kazan, one of our greatest directors, was given an Oscar for Lifetime Achievement. He was a rat during the HUAC hearings that put Hollywood on Trial. Surely Kazan was a first class creep. Should we then shun his masterpieces?

I despised every minute of the Mel Gibson film “The Passion of the Christ.” As a non believer, unlike those moaning and praying all around me, I found the film to be grotesque and pornographic in its gratuitous violence. Gibson, a “Creep” to be sure, played the blame game of blatant anti-Semitism. I attended out of a sense of personal obligation to be informed of a fundamentalist phenomenon and important critical dialogue.

Critics are constantly challenged to make difficult evaluations. We don’t just write about works of art that we enjoy and agree with. Unlike the public we don’t go to museums, theatre, or cinema to be entertained. It’s our job.

Seven mentions “people like Leni Riefenstahl…” Yes, she made propaganda films- “Triumph of the Will” and “Olympia”- for the Third Reich. Today they are studied as masterpieces by film historians. In Russia Serge Eisenstein made “Alexander Nevsky” for the dictator Joseph Stalin. Lawrence Olivier put a propaganda twist to the 1944 film “Henry IV.” British audiences grasped the similarity between the Battle of Agincourt and the Battle of Britain.  Hollywood dedicated itself to the war effort with many propaganda films, both features, and the Frank Capra documentary series “Why We Fight” for the Department of Defense.

The brilliant films of Riefenstahl are a prime example of great art for a bad cause. But great causes also result in a plethora of bad art. Through her efforts she was complicit in the death of millions. Arguably, Riefenstahl should have been tried as a war criminal. Significantly, she never made another film but left a great legacy of photography.

Ah yes Degas. The popular fiction is that he was a misanthrope and misogynist. As well as one of the greatest 19th century French artists. There has been biographical research on Degas which Seven hasn’t consulted. A better choice might have been Renoir who was Anti Dreyfus, and like roughly half of France, an anti-Semite. But to put Renoir on the official “Creep List” would mean that the Eagle’s columnist would be suggesting that his readers boycott the Stirling and Francine Clark Art Institute. The museum in Williamstown is noted for its depth in Renoir.

The inclusion of jazz master Stan Kenton on the “Creep List” puzzles me. I knew Stan well and covered all of his Boston gigs when he was trying to keep the band on the road. He was also launching Creative World to reissue LPs from Capital Records, which dumped him, as well as release new live albums with the band.

I have no clue what Seven is referring to. While Stan may not have been a saint the man I knew well was always a first class gentleman. He left a stunning musical legacy which should be more widely appreciated.

Then Hemingway. How obvious. Yeah, ok, in his troubled private life a first class creep. He ended it turning his brain matter into spaghetti. Yes, “A Moveable Feast” is a mean and nasty book. But over the years I have read most of what he wrote. What a pity to boycott one of our greatest and most influential American writers.

Then Seven slams Woody. For sure an odd duck. About one in five of his films are worth watching. Now and then they are truly magnificent.

Truly Allen is one complex dude. As of February 2014, Mia Farrow has thirteen living children (four biological, nine adopted) and nine grandchildren. What’s that about?

The Allen-Farrow saga from two decades ago included assertions that Allen had molested their daughter Dylan — a charge that a Connecticut prosecutor declined to pursue.

Shouldn’t we leave that to a court of law and not convict him in the press?

Wading in Seven states “Who am I to argue with Woody Allen and his apparently brilliant insights to humanity? As long as I don’t have to give him a cent for it, I’ll take his insight. Can’t pay me to watch his movies, though.”

As to “Who am I?” we remind Seven that he is an op ed writer for the distinguished Berkshire Eagle.

Taken on his word Seven is urging readers to boycott the Oscar nominated performance of Cate Blanchett for lead actress in Allen’s “Blue Jasmine.”

What a pity not to enjoy that truly magnificent experience. Notoriously, Allen pays minimum scale to great actors and then gives them little or no direction in developing their characters. In this case what we see is about 90% the genius of Blanchett and about 10% that of Allen.

None of which has a shred to do with the lurid spectacle of Allen’s scandals and messy private life.

Responsible critics and journalists should help us to think through complex issues and rewarding works of art. In opting to function as a PC cop Seven might reconsider his obligation to readers from the bully pulpit of the region’s paper of record.

Reader Comments
From "Brian Jewett"
02-21-2014, 10:23 pm
It is incredibly naive to assume that you know what's really happened in Woody Allen's or any other celebrities life based solely on media stories.
From "Arthur Yanoff"
02-21-2014, 03:56 pm
You did a wonderful job responding to 7 who thinks like a 0. I do want to comment once more on Renoir. some years back when we Jews involved in painting or the arts learned that Degas was an anti Semite and anti Dreyfus, we looked into other impressionists as well. From all the evidence Renoir was not an anti Semite or anti Dreyfus. he was thought to be partial to Jews. Over the years Renoir apparently became lumped together with the anti Dreyfus/anti Semitic painters of his time. What is not generally known is that Renoir is the most controversial of all painters. people either love or hate his work. I have seen otherwise rational people at art openings almost have fistfights over Renoir. Because Renoir's paintings are so sunny in expression, some folks assume that he was a rather simple sort. Not at all. he was brilliant, and had deep understanding of human behavior,and a very acidic tongue. You made a great point about censorship and yellow journalism. To believe in freedom of expression does not mean that we condone the worst in human behavior.
From "Larry Murray"
02-21-2014, 02:19 pm
Of course all this begs the question, could our journalists and editorial writers claim to be without sin themselves? Should we disregard what they write because they are not perfect human beings? I thought not. I rest my case.
From "Domingo Barreres"
02-21-2014, 12:21 pm
While I understand why some people may feel conflicted, (as I feel about bullfighting) your thoughtful article is convincing and I applaud your courage. So, again, congratulations.
From "Ed Bride"
02-21-2014, 11:43 am
By "the book," I am referring to Stan Kenton daughter Leslie's "Love Affair: the memoir of a forbidden father-daughter union." You only need the title (originally to be called "Dancing with the Dark") to know the subject. I hate to give it more visibility, but that additional context might explain my comment (and the columnist's revulstion). Must one judge an artist's work on its own, or only if they know "the full person"? And, what if "repressed memories" really turn out to be illusions?
From "Deborah Rothschld"
02-20-2014, 05:52 pm
... Best look at the work and dismiss human frailties. I always think of Picasso who said something once about accepting all aspects of life and human nature--from the darkest to the lightest and everything in between. One can argue that the truly great see and accept the full spectrum of humanity...
From "Jane Hudson"
02-20-2014, 04:54 pm
I can attest to the problem of separation of an artist's work and life. My father was brilliant and impossible on lots of interpersonal levels. Same time, I have to say, once we've become accustomed to dealing with the 'whole person' in context, we can't unknow it.
From "Randy Stevens"
02-20-2014, 04:51 pm
I boycott Mr. 7 too!
From "Barbara Ingber"
02-20-2014, 03:34 pm
Good article. Freedom of speech often means freedom from responsibility. I wonder how Woody feels being thrown into the same bucket as Leni Reifenstahl.
From "Steve Nelson"
02-20-2014, 11:20 am
Bravo, Charles! A well-reasoned and thoughtful essay on a complex and enduring subject: the art versus the artist. Last week Seven urged us to climb on the sculpture. Now he'd have us boycott great works of art, and just where do you then draw the line? I'm not a Woody Allen fan, but Blue Jasmine was a great film, and Cate Blanchett's performance was one of the finest performances from perhaps the best actress working in film today. The judgment of creepiness becomes a reductium ad absurdum: do we boycott all her films because she was a collaborator with that "creep"? How about the cinematographers, the film editors, the gaffers, the gofers? This isn't merely a slippery slope, it's a black hole, with reason and aesthetics swirling into oblivion.
From "Donald DiMauro"
02-20-2014, 10:07 am
Good article. But who designates who's "creepy"? Aren't we all creeps at some time in our lives? Hemingway's creepy because A Moveable Feast is "mean and nasty"? He was was as unparinging about himself in that book as much as his friends. And Kazan termed a "first class creep". Could he have been following his conscience to do what he felt was the right thing at that time like so many other whistleblowers that we otherwise manage to turn into heros. That's scary part, our passing judgement on who the creeps are.
From "Brian Jewett"
02-20-2014, 09:07 am
I didn't see his comments because I boycott narrow minded, pseudo anarchist journalists.
From "Christopher Busa"
02-20-2014, 08:50 am
Art, if be art, must be transgressive and an outrage to a staid society. It's duty is to cause emotional contemplation and art fails when it affirms platitudes. The so-called division between the mind that creates and the artist that suffers (Eliot) is actually the artist's transformation from the demands of the ego into the freedom of the imagination, much as our dreams, deep in our sleep, value vitality over morality.
From "Paula Orlando"
02-20-2014, 08:09 am
There is no way that we can know what actually happened. BOTH sides present compelling info, including compelling facts. BOTH sides (Mia and Woody) have been guilty of unacceptable behavior. But my gut instinct is to believe the young woman. My gut instinct is to side with the vulnerable. And based on what I know of this wicked world, the young woman's experience is not unusual. That being said, appreciation (or non-appreciation) of Woody Allen's films is a separate matter. That goes for Polanski, as well. If every deviant or psychologically/physically/sexually abusive artist in the world were boycotted and disregarded, we would have precious little art to enjoy. If the young woman's charges could be proven, I'd be happy to see Allen locked up. Never liked him much, anyway. I'd still enjoy the handful of his films that I think are worth watching. As many have pointed out, they have not aged well
From "Arthur Yanoff"
02-20-2014, 07:42 am
What is so terrible about self appointed pc police is once this McCarthy like witch hunt starts,no one will be safe. and rumors will be seen as fact. This c cop is promoting one of the dumbest things to hit the Berkshires.
From "Donna Dodson"
02-19-2014, 11:23 pm
Looks like they took down the editorial from John Seven on the Berkshire Eagle's website...
From "david zaig"
02-19-2014, 06:50 pm
Yes, I agree, a great article. But now I am quite curious to know more about these so called creeps like Elia Kazan, Hemingway, and the rest. Actually we can't summarize human nature in one creepy Op Ed. Human nature, the human mind, is one of the most complex phenomenon on earth. Researcher are still trying painstakingly to find out what makes us tick. As far as I am concerned Hitler does not deserve to be mentioned period. However, I know that to shield any part of history for personal reasons will defeat the purpose.
From "Ed Bride"
02-19-2014, 06:35 pm
When it first came out, there was a fair amount of controversy surrounding the book. Not the obvious kind ("the creep"), but the possibility that the awful stories were not repressed memories but were suggested by a therapist, and then "created." Why else would she wait until Stan was dead for more than 20 years (and forgotten by all but the zealots) before publishing the book. Well, maybe that's the reason: a healing process for her, and too late to hurt him. That's the benign interpretation. At the other end of that hopeful denial was one comment from another friend of Stan's, "this is the book that we hoped would never be published." This was not Leo who made that comment, it was someone who is still alive, so will remain anonymous. So, there it is: the ugly truth. Or, at least, the ugly.
From "Ric Haynes"
02-19-2014, 06:27 pm
You are a master Charles, a great article. I do not believe the crap that is in popular culture as any kind of truth> Woody Allen is a wonderful master about the human experience, there are some duds but I have seen them all, and learned from many! There is a lot I can complain about the comments, I do not have the time.
From "John Arthur"
02-19-2014, 06:25 pm
Degas was also anti-Semitic and railed against Dreyfus. What about Ezra Pound? And don't forget that Edith Wharton was spewing venomous remarks about the Jews on her deathbed. Good piece. Very much on target.
From "Carl Chiarenza"
02-19-2014, 06:20 pm
Amen bro
From "John Lynch"
02-19-2014, 04:48 pm
Great article !The moral questioning of art for arts sake whilst a Pandora\'s box is being continuously opened and,becomes a perverse delight within itself !
From "Geoffrey Movius"
02-19-2014, 03:52 pm
You are spot on here, Charles. As for Woody, there's no doubt in my mind that he is innocent."
* Email address required for verification and does not appear with comments. - (Comments may not show up immediately)